There are many types of coffee beans, but the two main types are Arabica and Robusta. Arabica beans are grown in Central and South America, while Robusta beans are grown in Africa and Asia. Arabica beans make up about 70% of the world’s coffee production.
They are known for their sweetness and complexity, with flavors ranging from floral to fruity. Robusta beans make up the other 30% of global coffee production. They have a higher caffeine content than Arabica beans and a more bitter flavor.
How Many Types of Coffee Beans are There?
The answer may surprise you – there are actually over 100 different types of coffee beans! And that’s not counting the countless variations and blends out there.
So, how did all these coffee beans come to be? Well, it all started with a single species of coffee plant – Coffea arabica. This plant originated in Ethiopia and was then brought to Yemen by traders.
From Yemen, coffee spread to the rest of the Arab world and eventually made its way to Europe in the 1600s. Once in Europe, coffee became hugely popular and began to be grown commercially in countries like Brazil, Colombia, and Guatemala. As commercial coffee production increased, so did the number of different types of coffee beans.
Farmers began experimenting with different ways to grow and process the beans, resulting in an ever-growing variety of flavors and textures. Today, there are over 100 recognized varieties of Arabica alone! And that’s not even taking into account all the other species of coffee plants out there or the countless blends and variations that exist.
So next time someone asks you how many types of coffee beans there are, you can confidently say “over 100”!
4 Types Of Coffee Beans ( arabica, robusta, liberica, excelsa )
Types of Coffee Beans in the World
There are four main types of coffee beans in the world: Robusta, Arabica, Liberica, and Excelsa.
Robusta is the most widely-grown type of coffee bean, accounting for about 40% of global production. It is a hardy plant that can withstand harsh conditions and pests, which makes it easier to grow than other types of coffee beans.
Robusta coffee beans have a higher caffeine content than Arabica beans and a more bitter flavor. Arabica is the most popular type of coffee bean, accounting for 60% of global production. It is grown in tropical regions at high altitudes and has a lower caffeine content than Robusta beans.
Arabica coffee beans have a sweeter flavor with notes of fruits or flowers. Liberica is a rarer type of coffee bean that makes up less than 1% of global production. It is grown in West Africa and has a distinctively large bean size with an uneven shape.
Liberica coffee beans have a fruity flavor with hints of chocolate or nuts. Excelsa is another rare type of coffee bean that accounts for less than 1% of global production. It is found in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia and has an elongated shape similar to Liberica beans.
Excelsa coffee beans have a floral flavor with hints of cherry or grapefruit.
What are the 2 Types of Coffee Beans?
There are two types of coffee beans: Arabica and Robusta.
Arabica coffee beans are grown in warm, humid climates at high altitudes. They account for about 75% of the world’s coffee production.
Arabica beans have a sweeter, more complex flavor than Robusta beans. They’re also more expensive, which is why you’ll often see them used in specialty coffees. Robusta coffee beans are grown in hot, humid climates at lower altitudes.
They account for about 25% of the world’s coffee production. Robusta beans have a bolder, more bitter flavor than Arabica beans. They’re also less expensive, which is why they’re often used in instant coffees and commercial blends.
What is the Most Popular Coffee Bean?
There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on personal preferences. However, some of the most popular coffee beans include Arabica, Robusta and Liberica. Arabica beans are known for their smooth flavor and delicate aroma, while Robusta beans are prized for their strong flavor and high caffeine content.
Liberica beans are a less common variety that is often used in specialty coffees.
How Many Species of Coffee are There in the World?
There are two main types of coffee plant – Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora. Arabica coffee is grown in Central and South America, Ethiopia and Sudan. Canephora coffee is grown in Brazil, Vietnam, Indonesia and parts of Africa.
There are around 60 other species of coffee, but these are not widely cultivated. The majority of the world’s coffee production comes from either Arabica or Canephora plants, with Arabica accounting for around 60% of global production. However, there are a number of other species that are also grown on a smaller scale.
The most popular type of coffee globally is Arabica, which is prized for its sweetness and complexity. It grows best at high altitudes, between 1,000 and 2,000 metres above sea level, and needs rich soil to thrive. Canephora coffee (often called Robusta) is less popular than Arabica but makes up around 40% of global production.
It’s higher in caffeine than Arabica and has a harsher taste but is more resistant to pests and disease so can be easier to grow. There are dozens of other species of coffee that are grown on a smaller scale around the world including: Liberica, Excelsa & Caturra (all variants of Coffea liberica); Bourbon (Coffea arabusta); Typica (Coffea arnoldiana) & Geisha/Gesha (Coffea Gesha).
Which Coffee Type is Best?
When it comes to coffee, there is no one-size-fits-all answer. The best coffee for you depends on your personal preferences. Do you like your coffee strong and bold?
Or do you prefer a lighter, more delicate flavor? Perhaps you enjoy a rich, creamy cup of espresso or cappuccino. Whatever your preference, there is a coffee out there that’s perfect for you.
If you’re not sure where to start, here are a few of the most popular types of coffee: Espresso: Espresso is a concentrated form of coffee that is made by forcing hot water through finely ground coffee beans. It is typically served in small cups with 1-2 ounces being the standard size.
Espresso has a strong, intense flavor and is often used as the base for other drinks like lattes and cappuccinos. Americano: An Americano is simply espresso with hot water added to it. This results in a less concentrated drink that has more of a traditional “coffee” flavor.
Americanos are often preferred by those who find pure espresso too strong. Cappuccino: A cappuccino is made with equal parts espresso, steamed milk, and foam (milk that has been whipped into a light, airy consistency). Cappuccinos are typically served with 1-2 ounces of espresso and 6-8 ounces of steamed milk/foam combined.
The proportion of milk to foam can be adjusted to taste – some prefer more milk while others prefer more foam. Cappuccinos are also usually garnished with cinnamon or chocolate powder before being served.
There are four main types of coffee beans: Arabica, Robusta, Liberica, and Excelsa. The Arabica bean is the most popular type of coffee bean. It has a milder flavor and less caffeine than other types of beans.
The Robusta bean has a stronger flavor and more caffeine than Arabica beans. The Liberica bean is rarer than other types of beans and has a fruity flavor. The Excelsa bean is also rare and has a flowery flavor.